According to Vedel and Lange, the word dogwood comes from dagwood, from the use of the slender stems of very hard wood for making daggers or skewers.
Cornus florida is our eastern white-flowering native Dogwood tree. Cornus florida grows wild, at woods' edge and in high shade.
Recent pics of dogwood seeds.
The red seeds are easily sprouted, either by giving a period of chill before planting, or my informal method, which is to push a fresh seed into the ground where I wish it to grow and give it a couple of years. Birds plant many dogwoods, dropping the seed which has passed through the bird's digestive system to prepare it to germinate quickly onto the ground beside a fence or under a tall tree. There are many online sources which give detailed instructions for cold stratification and sprouting.
Dogwoods bloom with Azaleas in late March, early April here. These dogwoods are from seeds.
The Dogwood (Cornus florida) and its inflorescence are the state tree and the state flower for the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia. Dogwood is also the state tree of Missouri and the state flower of North Carolina.
This is one of two dogwoods that my MIL planted 50 years ago.
Horticulturists recommend buying dogwood trees rather than planting seeds because of fungal diseases to which dogwoods are prone. If you want pink or red dogwoods, buy a grafted tree.
Legend of the Crucifixion:
" Because of your regret and pity for My suffering, never again shall the dogwood tree grow large enough to be used as a cross. It will be slender and bent and twisted and its blossoms shall be in the form of a cross--two long and two short petals. In the center of the outer edge of each petal there shall be nail prints, brown with the stain of a rusty nail and stained with blood, and in the center of the flower will be a crown of thorns, and all who see it will remember."
A seedling dogwood that I moved from beside the pumphouse.
I stand corrected.
Red twig Dogwood is Cornus stolonifera (sometimes listed as C. sericea). Red osier dogwood is native to most of northern and western North America.
Cornus mas is Cornelian Cherry, yellow flowering dogwood.
Cornus alba is the Tatarian dogwood with native habitat from Siberia and Manchuria to North Korea.
C. sanguinea, bloodtwig dogwood is native to Europe.
Thanks, Helen, for calling my attention to my error.