It could happen. Here's proof that I have successfully chilled and planted timely and brought tulips into flower for a single season. Different seasons I've planted different colors. Some turned out better than others. Failures were usually accompanied by evidence of voles, or Tulip Fire virus.
The last time I planted tulips, Buffy was a puppy. It seemed like a good idea to pot up bulbs and chill in pots instead of my prior experiments with prechilling the bulbs in a paper bag and planting out in the elements.
Chilled bulbs sprouted timely in December.
Just as the bulbs were coming into bud with glorious
promise of pink blossoms, I set them on the floor where
they would get more sun.
Baby Buffy, not quite 3 months old ATE my tulips!
Should I try again now three years later, chilling and attempting to grow tulips in a pot?